Author(s): Lasse BRANDT, Jonathan HENSSLER, Martin MUELLER, Stephanie WALL, David GABEL, Andreas HEINZ
Question Is the incidence of non–affective psychosis higher among refugees compared with the native population and nonrefugee migrants in a host country?
Findings In this systematic review and meta-analysis of 9 studies, refugees were at a higher relative risk of developing non–affective psychoses compared with the native population and nonrefugee migrants. In studies with a low risk of bias, the relative risk increased statistically significantly to 1.39 for refugees compared with nonrefugee migrants and to 2.41 for refugees compared with the native population; available evidence was limited to Western host countries only.
Meaning Refugee experience may represent an independent risk factor in non–affective psychosis in migrants, which suggests a need for psychiatric prevention strategies and outreach programs for this group.
Tags: Psychosis, Refugees, Psychiatry, Risk factors, Comparative study, Literature review