Refugee Trauma: Culturally Responsive Counseling Interventions

Author(s): Fred BEMAK ; Rita Chi-Ying CHUNG


This article presents the Multiphase Model of Psychotherapy, Counseling, Social Justice, and Human Rights as a culturally responsive intervention model for working with refugee trauma. The model specifically addresses unique challenges in working with refugees with trauma, taking into account premigration displacement and postmigration adjustment and adaptation brought about by the increased number of global refugees with high rates of posttraumatic stress and psychopathology due to war and conflict.

Tags: Refugees, Transcultural approach, Psychotherapy, PTSD, War, Conflict

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