Resilient oder Risikogruppe? Psychische Belastungen bei unbegleiteten minderjährigen Ausländern (umA) in Deutschland / Resilient or Risk Group? Psychological Burden at Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) in Germany

Author(s): Stefan RÜCKER ; Peter BÜTTNER ; Birgit LAMBERTZ ; Norbert KARPINSKI ; Franz PETERMANN

http://www.vr-elibrary.de/doi/10.13109/prkk.2017.66.4.242#.WPm8B9ykKUk

Zusammenfassung

Unbegleitete minderjährige Ausländer (umA) stellen eine Risikogruppe für psychische Auffälligkeiten dar. Internationale Studien finden hohe Prävalenzen für Trauma, Angst und Depression. Eine Stichprobe von N = 52 in Deutschland lebenden umA wurde anhand des Refugee Health Screenings-15 nach Symptombelastungen und Distress-Erleben gefragt. Mehr als jeder zweite umA weist klinisch bedeutsame Symptombelastungen sowie Distress-Erleben auf. Altersspezifische Analysen verweisen darauf, dass die jüngsten umA die stärksten Belastungen aufweisen. In dieser Hochrisikogruppe sollten die Betreuungssettings spezifisch angepasst werden.

Abstract

Unaccompanied minors (umA in German) are considered as a risk group for psychological disorders. In international studies a high prevalence for trauma, anxiety, and depression were reported. A sample of N = 52 unaccompanied minors living in Germany was questioned on symptom severity as well as stress experience with the Refugee Health Screening-15. More than each second unaccompanied minor shows clinically relevant symptom severity and stress experience. In age-specific analyses the highest stress levels were found among the youngest unaccompanied minors. Therefore, specifically adapted settings for care should be applied for this high-risk group.

Tags: Germany, Unaccompanied minors, Children, Adolescents, Youth, Refugees, Psychological symptoms, Traumatic life events, Anxiety, Depression, Resilience

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