I processi di acculturazione dei migranti forzati tra comunità ospitanti, comunità etniche e comunità virtuali / Acculturation processes of forced migrants within host, ethnic and virtual communities. A review of the literature

Author(s): Michele ROSSI, Tiziana MANCINI

https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2Fs12914-015-0064-9

Abstract

L’obiettivo della rassegna è stato quello di analizzare i processi di acculturazione dei migranti forzati considerando il ruolo riconosciuto dalla letteratura psicologica e sociale degli ultimi 20 anni alle diverse dimensioni comunitarie (host, ethnic e virtual community). I risultati dei 102 articoli analizzati sistematicamente in funzione delle tematiche emergenti e degli attori comunitari implicati nelle diverse fasi della migrazione (crisis, displacement, flight, arrival, early settlement, settlement, establishing), hanno evidenziato che il dibattito scientifico si è concentrato in massima parte sugli aspetti traumatizzanti dell’esperienza migratoria, trascurando le caratteristiche idiosincratiche e gli aspetti simbolici dell’identità di cui i migranti sono portatori.

The goal of the review was to analyze the acculturation processes of forced migrants considering the role recognized by the psychological and social literature of the last 20 years to different kind of Community (host, ethnic and virtual community). The 102 articles have been systematically analyzed according to the emerging issues and community actors involved in the various stages of migration (crisis, displacement, flight, arrival, early settlement, settlement, establishing). Results have shown that the scientific debate focused on maximum part on the traumatizing aspects of the migration, neglecting the idiosyncratic characteristics and aspects of symbolic identity which migrants are bearer.

Keywords: Acculturation; Refugees; Asylum Seekers; Ethnic Community; Host Community; Virtual Communities.

Tags: Acculturation, Community, Literature review, Forced migration, Refugees, Asylum seekers

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